John Barr Clarke Hoyte (1835-1913), Auckland from Pigeon Mountain, Half Moon Bay, watercolour, signed, 295 x 415mm. Note: This unique and rare extensive view of Auckland Harbour c.1860 features Fort Britomart, Situated on Point Britomart, and using the defences of an earlier pā, Fort Britomart was built as an army barracks. (The British flag was first unfurled on the headland on 16 September 1840.) The initial building was completed in 1841, and other buildings were added in response to external and local threats in subsequent decades. The Fort closed in the early 1870s and operations were transferred to the nearby Albert barracks. Point Britomart was then excavated to provide fill for waterfront reclamations, the flying flag can be seen in this image. To the left we have St. Paul's Church and early Parnell houses, in front is St. John's College Chapel with a tall chimney evident below coming from the waters edge industrial building in Official Bay, this building is pictured in other Hoyte drawings of this period. The view is presumably from Pigeon Mountain, the volcanic cone at Half Moon Bay. The harbour features Wynyard Pier and Queen St. wharf, a multitude of vessels including waka taua, a wooden paddle steamer, tall and other ships together with many smaller vessels.